About Flutter

Today the whole world is looking for a flutter because it creates a huge impact on mobile app development. Not only mobile apps flutter focus on web and desktop applications also. On December 4th, 2018, Flutter 1.0 was released by Google, denoting the first “stable” version of the Framework.

Dart:

Flutter apps are written in the Dart language. It is used to build beautiful mobile and web applications. Learning dart is not a difficult task, because it is more or less a mixture of Java and JavaScript.
It is an object-oriented, class-defined, garbage-collected language, supports interfaces, mixins, and abstract classes.  Flutter runs the project in the Dart virtual machine which features a just-in-time execution engine. While writing and debugging an app. It allows a “hot reload”.

Hot reload:

One of the most interesting features of the Flutter framework is its hot reload. It provides reloading the code on the running app without losing the state, massively decreasing development time.

Hot reloaded Modify one of the Dart files in your project. List of changes that need a hot restart.

If you’re working in an IDE/editor that supports Flutter’s IDE tools, Save All (cmd-s/ctrl-s), or click the Hot Reload button on the IDE’s toolbar.

Hot restart:

Hot restart is slightly distinct from hot reload. The hot restarts get the application fully compiled and all previous states will set to their defaults. The app widget tree will be completely rebuilt. The hot restart needs more time than Hot reload.

Note: Only Flutter apps in debug mode can be Hot reloaded/Hot restarted.

Everything is a Widget:

In the flutter app in the UI part, everything is a widget. Even the app itself is a widget!.

If you are familiar with Android and IOS development, widgets are like views in android and UIViews in IOS.
Flutter has a consistent, unified object model that is a widget.

Widgets can be:
1. A structural element (like a button, menu, check-boxes, text, and so on)
2. A stylistic element (like font, color scheme, theme)
3. An aspect of the layout (like padding)
and so on…
widgets are two types they are
1. Stateless widget
2. State full widget

Why use flutter:

1. Fast development
2. Expressive + Flexible UI
3. single code base for both android and ios
4. Hot reload/Hot restart
5. Easy to understand

Disadvantages Of Flutter :

Flutter is new and still growing that’s why it’s having small developers community and limited libraries, etc.

For more information Flutter doc.

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